Mussels in Mill Creek
Fingernail clams from the Sphaeriidae family and a juvenile giant floater (Pyganodon grandis) were found by aquatic biologists and researchers from the Metropolitan Water Reclamation District of Greater Chicago (MWRD) who conducted the survey last month. Mussels are an indicator species of water quality and filter water as they feed and breathe. An important component of the food web, mussels may be prey to mammals, birds, reptiles, amphibians, crayfish, and fish.
This type of survey is valuable in demonstrating the improvements in the Chicago River system.
"The big take home is we've confirmed two native species of mussels in Mill Creek" said Justin Vick, aquatic biologist with MWRD.
(above) Fingernail clams and giant floater. All were returned to the water.
Located in the Palos region of southwest Cook County, Mill Creek runs over two miles to the Cal-Sag Channel which connects the Little Calumet River to the Chicago Sanitary and Ship Canal, part of the Chicago River system.
Fish monitoring by Friends and our partners at IDNR and the Forest Preserves of Cook County in July 2019 established that five new species of fish had moved up into Mill Creek just months after the barriers were removed in a project lead by Friends and the IDNR. The new species join seven others that were previously located and represent some of about 17 species expected to colonize the creek over time.
The mussel survey team included MWRD Aquatic Biologists Justin Vick and Nick Kollias, MWRD Senior Environmental Research Technician Paula Brinkman Lowe, and MWRD Environmental Research Technician Patrick Kennedy.